Note: Cases linked in the text on the right are either to BAILII reports (where available) or the Wikipedia reference.

Author

Solomon Salako

Liverpool John Moores University

 

Contents

Table of Cases

Table of Statutes

General Introduction

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Preliminaries

Chapter 3: The Burden and Standard of Proof

Chapter 4:Proof Of Facts Without Evidence

Chapter 5: The Evidential Significance of Earlier Judicial Findings and Estoppels

Chapter 6: Competence and Compellability

Chapter 7: Corroboration

Chapter 8: The Privilege Against Self-Incrimination and the Right to Silence

Chapter 9: Evidence of Identity

Chapter 10: Public Policy and Privilege

Chapter 11: The Course of Evidence: Examination-in-chief, cross-examination and re-examination

Chapter 12: Evidence of Character

Chapter 13: The Hearsay Rule

Chapter 14: Opinion Evidence

Chapter 15: Illegally Obtained Evidence and Confessions


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Table of Cases

The page numbers refer to pages in the printed version which is not available online.

Australian Cases

 

Dawson v R (1961) 106 CLR 1 ..................................................................... 37

DPP v United Telecasters Sydney Ltd. (1990) 168 CLR 594 ......................... 28

Environment Protection Authority v Caltex Refining Co. Pty.

Ltd. (1993) 178 CLR 477 ........................................................................... 108

McGregor v Stokes [1952] VLR 347 .......................................................... 217

Petty v R (1991) 173 CLR 95 ..................................................................... 108

Pyneboard Pty. Ltd. v Trade Practices Commission

(1983) 152 CLR 328 .................................................................................. 108

R v Pfenning (1995) 182 CLR 461 .............................................................. 125

Swaffield and Pavic v R [1998] HCA 1;

http://www.austliiedn.au/do/displ./au .............................................................. 109, 239

Weissensteiner v R (1993) 178 CLR 217 ................................................... 108

Canadian Cases

Hebert v R [1990] 2 SCR 151 ............................................................ 108, 239

Law Society of Upper Canada v Skapinker (1984) 9 DLR (4 th ) 161 ............. 159

Miron v Trudel [1995] 2 SCR 418 ................................................................. 32

R v Broyles [1991] 3 SCR 595 ........................................................... 108, 239

R v Big M Drug Mart Ltd. (1985) 18 DLR 321 ............................................. 159

R v Oakes (1986) 26 DLR (4 th ) 200 .............................................................. 31

R v Seaboyer, R v Gayme (1991) 83 DLR (4 th ) 193 .................................... 158

R v Whyte (1988) 51 DLR (4 th ) 481 ............................................................. 30

Vriend v Alberta (1998) 156 DLR (4 th ) ......................................................... 32

European Court of Human Rights

Allan v United Kingdom (2002) The Times, 12 November ......................... 245

Al-Khawaja and Tahery v United Kingdom

(Applications nos 267766/05 and 22228/06) 20 January 2009 ................ 197

Armstrong v United Kingdom (2002) The Times, 6 August ............... 244, 245

Asch v Austria (1993) 15 EHRR 597 .......................................................... 204

Averill v United Kingdom [2000] Crim LR 682 ........................................... 104

Barbera, Messegue and Jabardo v Spain (1989)

11 EHRR 360 ......................................................................... 33, 73, 197, 204

Beckles v United Kingdom (2003) 36 EHRR 13 ......................................... 105

Bensaid v United Kingdom (2001) 33 EHRR 10 ......................................... 233

Brennan v United Kingdom [2002] Crim LR 216 ................................ 230, 248

Condron v United Kingdom [2000] Crim LR 679 ....................................... 104

Cremieux v France (1993) 16 EHRR 357 ..................................................... 96

Delta v France (1993) 16 EHRR 574 .......................................................... 204

Doorson v Netherlands (1996) 22 EHRR 330 ............................................ 204

Edwards v United Kingdom (1993) 15 EHRR 417 ...................................... 135

Edwards and Lewis v United Kingdom (2003) The Times, 29 July ............. 247

Fischer v Austria (Case 33382/96) [2002] ECHR 22 .................................. 197

Fitt v United Kingdom (2000) 30 EHRR 480 .............................................. 135

Funke v France (1993) 16 EHRR 297 ........................................................... 96

Goodwin v United Kingdom (1996) 22 EHRR 123 ...................................... 145

Govell v United Kingdom [1999] EHRLR 121 ............................................. 231

Greek Case (The) (1969) 12 Yearbook of the European

Convention on Human Rights 186 ............................................................ 233

Halford v United Kingdom (1998) 24 EHRR 523 ........................................ 244

Heaney and McGuiness v Ireland (2001) 33 EHRR 12 ............................... 105

Hussain v United Kingdom (2006) 43 EHRR 22 ........................................... 36

IJL, GMR and AKP v United Kingdom (2001) 33 EHRR 11,

[2001] Crim LR 133 ..................................................................................... 97

Jallah v Germany , App No 54810/00, 11 July 2006 .................................... 106

Janosevic v Sweden (2004) 38 EHRR 22 ..................................................... 36

Jasper v United Kingdom (2000) 30 EHRR 441 ......................................... 135

Keenan v United Kingdom (2001) 33 EHRR 38 .......................................... 233

Khan v United Kingdom [2000] Crim LR 684 ............................................. 243

Klass v Germany (1978) 2 EHRR 24 .......................................................... 243

Kovstoski v Netherlands (1990) 12 EHRR 425 ................................... 197, 204

Kranski v Czech Republic , no 51277/99, 28 February 2006 ....................... 197

Luca v Italy (2003) 36 EHRR 46 ......................................................... 196, 197

Ludi v Switzerland (1993) 15 EHRR 173 .................................................... 204

Malone v United Kingdom (1985) 7 EHRR 14 ............................................ 240

McGingley and Egan v United Kingdom (1999) 27 EHRR 1 ........................ 128

McGlinchey v United Kingdom (2003) The Times, 1 May ........................... 233

Miailhe v France (1993) 16 EHRR 332 .......................................................... 96

Murray v United Kingdom (1996) 22 EHRR 29 ..................................... 97, 104

Niemetz v Germany (1993) EHRLR 121 ..................................................... 243

O'Halloran and Francis v United Kingdom (2008) 46 EHRR 21 ................... 106

Peers v Greece (2001) 33 EHRR 51 ........................................................... 233

PG and JH v United Kingdom (2001) The Times, 19 October;

(2008) 46 EHRR 51 ................................................................................... 229

Phillips v United Kingdom (2001) The Times, 13 August ............................. 34

Republic of Ireland v United Kingdom (1978) 2 EHRR 25 .................. 232, 233

Rowe and Davies v United Kingdom (2000) 30 EHRR 1 ............................. 132

S and Marper v United Kingdom (Applications nos 30562/04

and 30566/04), 4 December 2008 ........................................... 124, 143, 248

Saadi v Italy (Application no 37201/06), 28 February 2008 ....................... 234

Saidi v France (1994) 17 EHRR 251 ........................................................... 204

Salabiaku v France (1988) 13 EHRR 379 ................................................ 31, 32

Saunders v United Kingdom (1997) 23 EHRR 313 ................................. 97, 99

Schenk v Switzerland (1991) 13 EHRR 242 ............................................... 204

Serves v France (1999) 28 EHRR 265 ......................................................... 96

Shannon v United Kingdom (2006) 42 EHRR 31 ........................................ 105

Teixeira De Castro v Portugal (1999) 28 EHRR 101 .................................... 243

Telfner v Austria (2002) 34 EHRR 7 ....................................................... 33, 73

Trivedi v United Kingdom [1997] EHRLR 521 ...................................... 73, 204

Unterpertinger v Austria (1991) 13 EHRR 175 ............................. 73, 197, 204

Veznedaroglu v Turkey (2001) 33 EHRR 59 ............................................... 234

Visser v Netherlands [2002] Crim LR 495 ................................................. 204


New Zealand Cases

Archer v Rogers [1980] 1 NZLR 570 ............................................................ 83

Davison v Quirke [1923] NZLR 552 ............................................................ 217

Ministry of Transport v Noart [1992] 2 NZLR 260 ...................................... 159

Palmer v Superintendent of Auckland Maximum Security

Prison [1991] 3 NZLR 315 ......................................................................... 159

Russel McVeagh McKenzie Bartleet and Co. v Tower

Corporation, unreported, 25 August 1998 ................................................ 148

R v B (An Accused) [1987] 1 NZLR 362 ............................................... 71, 211

R v Lindsay [1970] NZLR 1002 .................................................................. 123

R v M [1996] 2 NZLR 659 .......................................................................... 192

R v Phillips [1991] 3 NZLR 175 .................................................................... 33

United Kingdom Cases

Abrath v North Eastern Railway (1883) 11 QB 440,

(1886) 11 App Cas 247 ......................................................................... 21, 22

Agassiz v London Tramway Co. Ltd. (1873) 21 WR 199 ............................... 14

Agmashenebeli, The David, unreported, 20 November 2000 ..................... 40

Alfred Crompton Amusement Machines Ltd. v Customs and

Excise Commissioners (No. 2) [1974] AC 405 .......................................... 136

Al Fayed & Ors. v Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis

(2002) The Times, 17 June ....................................................................... 143

Ajami v Comptroller of Customs [1954] 1 WLR 1405 ................................ 227

Air Canada v Secretary of State for Trade [1983] AC 394 .......................... 130

Alli v Alli [1965] 23 All ER 480 ...................................................................... 89

Althram v Anglesea (1709) 11 Mod 210 .................................................... 181

Amos v Hughes (1835) 1 Mood & R 464, 174 ER 160 ................................. 21

Amalgamated Investment and Property Co. Ltd. v Texas Commerce

International Bank Ltd. [1981] 1 All ER 923 ................................................. 64

A.M. & S. Europe Ltd. v Commission of the European

Communities [1983] QB 878 .................................................................... 142

An Inquiry under the Company Securities (Insider Dealing)

Act 1985, Re [1988] AC 660 ...................................................................... 145

Anton Piller KG v Manufacturing Process Ltd. [1976] Ch 55 ......................... 95

Arab Monetary Fund v Hashim [1989] 3 All ER 466;

[1993] 1 LL.R. 543 .............................................................................. 95, 187

Arrows Ltd. (No. 4), Re [1993] 3 WLR 656 .................................................. 96

Ashraf v Akram, unreported, 22 January 1999 ............................................ 22

Ashworth Hospital Authority v MGN Ltd. [2003] FSR 16 ............................. 149

Asiatic-Petroleum Oil Co. Ltd. v Anglo-Persian Oil Co. Ltd.

[1961] 1 KB 822 ........................................................................................ 128

Attorney General v Blake [2000] 4 All ER 385 .................................... 131, 137

Attorney-General ( Hong Kong ) v Lee Kwon-Kut [1993] AC 951 ................... 31

Attorney-General v Times Newspaper [1988] 3 WLR 776 ......................... 137

A-G's Ref. (No. 3 of 1979) (1979) 69 Cr App R 44 ...................................... 153

A-G's Ref (No. 3 of 1999) [2000] 2 Cr App R 416 ....................................... 123

A-G's Ref (No. 4 of 2002) [2005] 1 All ER 237 ................................. 34, 35, 36

A-G's Ref (No. 5 of 2002) [2004] UKHL 40, [2005] 12 Cr App R 20 ............ 245

A.T. and T. Istel Ltd. v Tully (1991) The Times, 18 November ..................... 95

Bairstow v Queens Moat Houses plc [1998] 1 All ER 343 .......................... 189

Baker v Barclays Bank Ltd. [1955] 1 WLR 822 ............................................. 24

Baker v Dewey (1823) 1 B&C 704 ............................................................... 63

Banbury Peerage Case (1811) 1 Sim & St 153 ............................................ 42

Barford v Barford [1918] P.140 .................................................................. 227

Barnes v Merritt (1898) 15 TLR 419 ............................................................ 47

Barclays Bank plc v Eustice [1995] 4 All ER 511,

[1995] 1 WLR 1238 ........................................................................... 140, 143

Barry v Trussler [1988] Crim LR 416 ......................................................... 234

Bater v Bater [1951] P 35 ............................................................................ 38

Batley v DPP (1998) The Times, 5 March ................................................... 237

Beatson v Skenne (1860) 4 H&N 838 ........................................................ 128

Belabel v Air India [1988] Ch 317, [1988] 2 All ER 246 .............................. 141

Berger v Raymond & Son Ltd. [1984] 1 WLR 625 ...................................... 179

Berkeley Peerage Case (1811) 4 Camp 101 .............................................. 191

Berryman v Wise (1791) 4 TR 366, 100 ER 1067 ........................................ 40

Bhandari v Advocates Committee [1956] 3 All ER 742 ................................ 38

Birmingham v Daily News Ltd. [1956] 2 QB 534 .......................................... 12

Bishopgate Investment Management Ltd. (in provisional

liquidation) v Maxwell [1993] Ch 1 ............................................................... 96

Blunt v Park Lane Hotel Ltd. [1942] 2 KB 253 .............................................. 94

Bolitho v City and Hackney health Authority [1997] 4 All ER 771 ............... 220

Bolkiah (Prince Jefri) v KPMG (a firm) [1999] 1 All ER 517 .......................... 148

Bostock v Bostock [1950] 1 All ER 25 ....................................................... 150

Bowman v Taylor (1834) 2 A&E 278 ............................................................ 64

Bradford City Metropolitan Council v K [1990] Fam 140 ............................ 192

Bradlaugh v Gosset (1884) 12 QBD 271 ...................................................... 46

Brailey v Rhodesia Consolidated Ltd. [1910] 2 Ch 95 ................................ 227

Bratty v A-G ( Northern Ireland ) [1963] AC 386 ............................................ 23

Bridle v Ruby [1988] 3 All ER 64 .................................................................. 42

Brighty v Pearson [1938] 4 All ER 127 ......................................................... 83

British Steel Corporation v Granada TV [1981] AC 1096 ............................ 144

Bristow v Sequeville (1850) 19 LR Ex 298 ................................. 226, 227, 228

Broad v Pitt (1828) 3 C&P 518 ................................................................... 148

Broughton v Jackson (1852) 18 QB 378 ...................................................... 17

Brutus v Cozens [1973] AC 854 .................................................................. 16

Burmah Oil v Bank of England [1980] AC 90 .............................. 127, 129, 136

Burton v Gilbert [1984] RTR 162 ................................................................. 83

Butler v Mountgarett (1859) 7 HL Cas 633 ................................................ 191

Buttes Gas & Oil Co. v Hammer (No. 3) [1981] QB 233 ............................. 128

C (A Minor) v Hackney London Borough Council [1996] 1 WLR 789 ............. 55

C v C (Privilege: Criminal Communications) [2001] 3 WLR 446 ................. 143

Caffoor v Commissioner for Income Tax Colombo [1961] AC 584 .............. 55

Calcraft v Guest [1898] 1 QB 759 ...................................................... 128, 143

Callis v Gunn [1964] 1 QB 405 ................................................................... 122

Camelot Group plc v Centaur Communications Ltd.

(1997) The Times, 15 July ......................................................................... 146

Carpenter v Butler (1841) 8 M&W 209 ........................................................ 63

Carl Zeiss Stiftung v Rayner & Keeler (No. 2) [1967] 1 AC 853,

[1966] 2 All ER 536 ..................................................................................... 55

Carr v London and North Western Railway Co. (1875) LR 10 CP 307 ........... 64

Chamberlain v Lindon [1998] 2 All ER 538 .................................................. 25

Chandrasekera v R [1937] AC 220 ............................................................. 184

Chapman v Walton (1833) 10 Bing 57 ......................................................... 13

Chard v Chard [1956] P 259, [1955] 3 WLR 954,

[1955] 3 All ER 721, 99 SJ 890 .................................................................... 41

Chatterton v Secretary for India [1895] 2 QB 189 ..................................... 128

Cheddar Valley Engineering Ltd. v Cheedlewood Homes Ltd.

[1992] 1 WLR 820 ..................................................................................... 150

Christofi v Barclays Bank plc [1998] 2 All ER 484 ....................................... 146

Church of England Building Society v Piskor [1954] Ch 553 ........................ 63

Cobra Gulf Inc. v Rata (1996) The Times, 11 October ................................. 95

Concha v Concha (1986) 11 App Cas 541 ................................................... 53

Connelly v DPP [1964] AC 1254 ................................................................... 58

Conway v Rimmer [1968] AC 910 ............................................................. 129

Countess of Shelbourne v Earl of Inchiquin (1781) 1 Bro Cc 338 ................ 38

Coventry, Sheppard & Co. v Great Eastern Railway (1993) 11 QBD 776 ...... 65

Crosland v DPP [1988] 3 All ER 712 ............................................................. 83

D (Evidence: Facilitated Communication), Re [2001] 1 FLR 148 ................. 68

D v DPP (1998) The Times, 7 August ......................................................... 119

D v NSPCC [1978] AC 171 .................................................................. 127, 131

Daley v R [1994] 1 AC 117 ........................................................................ 114

Davie v Edinburgh Magistrates, 1953 SC 34 .............................................. 221

Davies v DPP [1953] AC 378, [1953] 1 All ER 507 ........................................ 81

De Beéche v South American Stores, Etc. Ltd. [1935] AC 148 .................. 227

Derby & Co. Ltd. v Wheldon (No. 8) (1990) The Times, 29 August .... 144, 222

Desmond v Bower (2009) The Times, 4 August ........................................ 180

Doe d Church and Phillips v Perkins (1790) 3 Term Rep 749 ..................... 153

Doe d. Francis v Andrews (1850) 15 QB 756 ............................................. 189

Dillon v R [1982] 1 All ER 1017 .................................................................... 40

DPP v A and BC Chewing Gum Ltd. [1968] 1 QB 159 ............................... 223

DPP v Ara [2001] 4 All ER 559 ............................................................ 110, 133

DPP v Boardman [1975] AC 421 .......................................................... 90, 170

DPP v Hester [1973] AC 296 ........................................................................ 81

DPP v Humphreys [1977] AC 1 .................................................................... 58

DPP v Jordan [1977] AC 699 ...................................................................... 223

DPP v Kilbourne [1973] 1 All ER 440 ............................................................ 81

DPP v M [1997] 2 Cr App R 70 ..................................................................... 71

DPP v Morgan [1976] AC 182, (1975) Cr App R 136 ............................... 21, 66

DPP v Ping Lin [1976] AC 574 .................................................................... 229

DPP v Stonehouse [1978] AC 55 ........................................................... 17, 19

DPP v Wright [2009] EWHC 105 (Admin) ..................................................... 36

Dubai Aluminium Co. Ltd. v Sayed Reyadh S. Nasser Al Alawi

(1999) The Times, 6 January ....................................................................... 95

Dubai Bank Ltd. v Galadari (No. 6) (1991) The Times, 22 April ................... 140

Duff Development Co. v Government of Kelantan [1924] AC 797 ............... 45

Duncan v Cammel, Laird & Co. Ltd. [1942] AC 624 ........................... 127, 128

Dunn International Ltd. v CDE, unreported, 20 November 1997 ............... 185

Ellis v Allen [1914] 1 Ch 904 ....................................................................... 47

Entick v Carrington (1765) 19 St Tr 1029 .................................................. 242

Evans v Getting (1834) 6 C&P 586 .............................................................. 46

Everingham v Roundell (1838) 2 M&R 138 ................................................ 190

Ewer v Ambrose (1825) 3 B&C 746 ........................................................... 155

Ex parte Bottomley [1909] 2 KB 14 .......................................................... 152

F v F (1996) The Independent, 26 February ............................................. 192

F v Kent Chief Constable [1982] Crim LR 682 ............................................ 237

Fenwick's Trial (1696) 14 Hon St Tr 537 .................................................... 181

Fidelitas Shipping Co. Ltd. v v/o Exportchleb [1966] 1 QB 630,

[1965] 2 All ER 4 ......................................................................................... 53

Folkes v Chadd (1782) 3 Doug KB 157 ................................................ 14, 219

Fowden v White [1982] Crim LR 585 ......................................................... 184

Fowkes v Berrington [1914] 2 Ch 308 ....................................................... 191

Ford v Hopkins (1700) 1 Salk 283 ......................................................... 6, 181

 

Friend v Civil Aviation Authority [2002] 4 All ER 385 .................................... 54

Fryer v Gathercole (1849) 13 Jur 542 ....................................................... 228

Fulcher v R [1995] 2 Cr App R 251 ............................................................ 171

G (An Infant) v Coltart [1967] 1 QB 432, [1967] 1 All ER 271 .............. 56, 167

G v DPP [1997] 2 Cr App R 78, [1997] 2 All ER 755 ...................... 71, 162, 220

Garcin v Amerindo Investment Advisors Ltd. [1991] 1 WLR 1140 ............ 189

Garner v Garner (1920) 36 TLR 196 .......................................................... 149

Garner v Chief Constable of Manchester (1983) The Times, 14 May .......... 113

Garton v Hunter (1969) 2 QB 37 ................................................................... 7

Gaskin v Liverpool C.C. [1980] 1 WLR 1549 ............................................... 129

Gatland v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1968] 2 QB 279 .................... 26

Gilbey v Great Western Rail Co. (1910) 102 LT 202 ................................... 218

Goddard v Nationwide B.S. [1986] 3 All ER 264 ......................................... 143

Goodright d. Stevens v Moss (1777) 2 Cowp 591 ..................................... 191

Goody v Odhams Press Ltd. [1966] 3 WLR 460 ........................................... 50

Goold v Evans & Co [1951] 2 TLR 1189 ....................................................... 12

Green v Kettle [1938] AC 156 ..................................................................... 63

Greenough v Eccles (1859) 28 LJCP 160 ................................................... 155

Greenwood v Martins Bank [1933] AC 51 .................................................... 64

Group Torras SA v Sheik Fahad Mohammed Al Sabah & Ors.

(1999) The Independent, 25 February ...................................................... 228

H v Schering Chemicals Ltd. [1972] 3 All ER 829 ...................................... 187

H (minors), Re [1996] AC 563 ..................................................................... 37

Hales v Kerr (1908) 2 KB 601 ...................................................................... 14

Halford v Sharples [1992] 3 All ER 624 ...................................................... 134

Harb v King Fahd Bin Abdul Aziz (2005) The Times, 6 June .......................... 46

Harrington v Berker Sportcraft Ltd. [1980] 1 ICR 248 ................................. 45

Harriman v Harriman [1909] P 123 .............................................................. 52

Harris v Harris [1931] P 10 ........................................................................ 150

Harris v Tippett (1811) 2 Camp 637, 170 ER 1277 .................... 156, 166, 168

Hart v Lancashire and Yorkshire Rail Co. (1896) 21 LT 261 .......................... 14

Hayne v Maltby (1789) 3 TR 438 ................................................................. 52

Heine v Jyske Bank ( Gibraltar ) Ltd. (1999) The Times, 28 September ........ 39

Henley v Henley [1995] 1 All ER 59 ........................................................... 150

Hennessy v Wright (1888) 21 QBD 509 ..................................................... 128

Henriques v R [1991] Crim LR 912 ............................................................ 202

Herniman v Smith [1938] AC 305, [1938] 1 All ER 1 ................................... 17

HM Advocate v Birkett (1992) The Times, 29 October ......................... 71, 210

HM Advocate v McIntosh [2001] HRLR 20 ................................................... 34

Hodgson, Re (1885) 31 Ch D 177 ............................................................... 89

Holcombe v Hewson (1810) 2 Camp 391 ........................................... 14, 179

Holland v Roberts (1938) 158 LT 313 .......................................................... 83

Hollingham v Head (1858) 27 LJCP 241 ....................................................... 14

Hollington v F. Hewthorn & Co. Ltd. [1943] 1 KB 587 .................................. 48

Home v Betnick (1920) 2 Brod & B 130 .................................................... 128

Hopewell v De Pinna (1809) 2 Camp 113 .................................................... 42

Hornal v Neuberger Products Ltd. [1957] 1 QB 247, [1956] 3 All ER 970 .... 37

Hoystead v Income Tax Commissioner [1926] AC 155 ............................... 55

Hunter v Chief Constable of West Midlands [1981 3 All ER 727 ............. 49, 54

Huth v Huth [1915] KB 32 ........................................................................... 46

Ibrahim v R [1914] AC 599 ........................................................................ 229

Instance v Denny Bros. Printers Ltd. (2000) The Times, 28 February ....... 150

Interbrew SA v Financial Times Ltd. (2002) The Times, 4 January ............. 136

Irish Society v Bishop of Derry (1846) 12 CL & F 641 ................................ 189

I.T.C. Film Distributors v Video Exchange [1982] Ch 4431 ........................ 143

J, Re [1990] FCR 193 ................................................................................. 210

J v Oyston [1999] 1 WLR 694 ...................................................................... 49

Jayasena v R [1970] 1 All ER 219 .......................................................... 20, 37

Jeffrey v Johnson [1952] 2 QB 8 ................................................................. 83

Jenion, Re [1952] Ch 454 .................................................................... 43, 191

John v Express Newspapers (2000) The Times, 26 April ........................... 145

Johnson v Barnes (1873) LR 8 CP 527 ......................................................... 42

Jones v DPP [1962] AC 635 ....................................................................... 167

Joseph Constantine Steamship Line, Ltd. v Imperial

Smelting Corporation, Ltd. [1942] AC 154 .................................................. 22

Kajala v Noble (1982) 75 Cr App R 149 .................................................. 7, 184

Karanakaran v Secretary of State for the Home Department

(2000) The Times, 16 February ................................................................... 38

Kaufman v Credit Lyonnais Bank (995) The Times, 1 February .................. 137

Kerr v Kennedy [1942] 1 KB 409 ............................................................... 191

Kershaw v Whelan [1996] 1 WLR 359 ....................................................... 144

Khawaja v Secretary of State for the Home Department [1984] AC 74 ....... 38

King of Two Siciles v Wilcox (1851) 1 Sim NS 301 ....................................... 94

Knight v David [1971] 3 All ER 1066 .......................................................... 191

Koscot Interplanetary ( UK ) Ltd., Re [1972] 3 All ER 829 ........................... 187

Kuruma, Son of Kaniu v R [1955] AC 197, [1955] 1 All ER 236 .................. 229

L (minors), Re (1995) The Times, 3 July ..................................................... 37

Lafone v Griffin (1909) 25 TLR 308 ............................................................ 190

Lam Chi-Ming v R [1991] Crim LR 914 ............................................... 184, 230

Lan Pak Ngam v R [1966] Crim LR 443 ...................................................... 153

Lawrence v Chester Chronicle (1986) The Times, 8 February ..................... 38

Leeds City Council v Harte, unreported, 14 January 1999 ......................... 185

Lilburn's Case, 3 St. Tr 1315-1368; excerpted in J.F. Stephen,

A History of the Criminal Law of England , Macmillan, 1883,

Vol. 1, at 343 .............................................................................................. 93

Lilley v Pettit [1948] KB 401 ...................................................................... 189

Li Shu-Ling v R [1988] AC 270 ..................................................... 12, 184, 230

Liverpool Roman Catholic Archdiocese Trustees Incorporated v

Goldberg (No. 2) [2001] 4 All ER 950 ........................................................ 225

Lloyd v Mostyn (1842) 10 M&W 478 .......................................................... 128

Longden v British Coal Corp. [1998] 1 All ER 289 ...................................... 192

Lonrho plc v Fayed & Ors. (No. 4) [1994] 1 All ER 870 .............................. 137

Low v Bouverie [1891] 3 Ch 82 ................................................................... 52

Lowery v R [1974] AC 85, [1973] 3 All ER 662 ........................................... 220

Ludlow v MPC [1971] AC 29 ....................................................................... 171

Lyell v Kennedy (18887) 56 LT 647 ........................................................... 189

M (A Minor), Re (1980) The Times, 4 January ............................................ 131

Makanjuola v Commissioner of Police [1992] 3 All ER 617 ........................ 134

Maher v DPP (2006) 170 JPR 441 ....................................................... 209, 218

Makin v Attorney-General for New South Wales [1894] AC 57 ........... 170, 171

Malindi v R [1967] AC 439 ......................................................................... 167

Manchester Brewery v Coombs (1900) 82 LT 347 .................................... 184

Mancini v DPP [1942] AC 1 ........................................................................... 23

Marginson v Blackburn Borough Council [1939]

1 All ER 273, [1939] 2 KB 426 ..................................................................... 55

Marks v Beyfus (1890) 23 QBD 494 ........................................................... 132

Mason v Provident clothing and Supply Co. Ltd. [1913] AC 724 .................. 17

Matto v DPP [1987] Crim LR 641 ............................................................... 239

Maxwell v DPP [1935] AC 309 ............................................................ 167, 168

McCarthy v The Melita (Owners) (1923) 16 BWCC 222 ............................... 191

McE, In Re [2009] UKHL 15 ............................................................... 143, 247

McEwan v DPP (2007) 171 JPR 308 ............................................................ 196

McShane v Northumbria Chief Constable (1980) 72 Cr App R 209 ............. 112

McTaggart v McTaggart [1948] 2 All ER 754 .............................................. 150

Mecklermedia Corporation v D.C. Congress Gmbh (1997)

The Times, 27 March ................................................................................... 55

Mercantile Bank of India Ltd. v Central Bank of India Ltd.

[1938] AC 287 ............................................................................................. 65

Merchant Prince, The [1891-4] All ER Rep. 396, [1892] P 179 ..................... 21

Mercer v Denne [1905] 2 Ch 538 ...................................................... 189, 191

Mercer v Whall (1845) 5 QB 447 ................................................................ 151

Metropolitan Asylum District v Hill (1882) 47 LT 29 ..................................... 14

Metropolitan Police Commissioner v Locker (1993) 142 NLJ 543 .............. 134

Metropolitan Railway Co. v Jackson (1877) 3 App Cas 193 .......................... 17

Michael O'Mara Books Ltd. v Express Newspapers plc

(1998) The Times, 6 March ....................................................................... 146

Miller v Minister of Pensions [1947] 2 All ER 372 ......................................... 37

Mills v Cooper [1967] 2 QB 459 ................................................................... 58

Mood Music Publishing Co. Ltd. v de Wolfe [1976] 1 All E 763 ........... 172, 179

Moore v Hewitt [1947] KB 381 .................................................................... 83

Moore v R. Fox & Sons [1956] 1 QB 596 ..................................................... 21

Morgans v DPP [2000] 2 Cr App R 113 ....................................................... 244

Moorgate Mercantile Co. Ltd. v Twitchings [1977] AC 890 ........................... 65

Mostyn v Fabrigas (1774) 1 Cowper 161 ..................................................... 45

Murdoch v Taylor [1965] AC 574 ............................................................... 168

Myers v DPP [1965] AC 1001 ......................................................... 8, 183, 217

N v N (1991) The Times, 13 August ............................................................ 37

Napier v The Scottish Ministers (2001) The Times, 15 November ............. 233

National Justice Compania Naviera SA v Prudential Assurance Co.

Ltd. (Ikarian Reefer) (1993) The Times, 5 March, [1993] 2 LLR 68 ............ 222

Nawrot v Chief Constable of Hampshire Police (1992)

The Independent, 7 January ....................................................................... 54

Neilson v Laugharne [1981] 1 QB 736 ....................................................... 134

Nembhard v R [1982] 1 All ER 183 .............................................................. 85

Nepean v Doe (1837) 2 M&W 894 ............................................................... 42

New Romney (Mayor) v New Romney (Commissioner of Sewers)

[1892] 1 QB 840; 61 LJQB 558 .................................................................. 191

Nicholas v Penny [1950] 2 KB 466 .............................................................. 83

Nimmo v Alexander Cowan & Sons Ltd. [1968] AC 107 ......................... 26, 27

Noor Mohammed v R [1949] AC 182 ......................................................... 171

Norwich Pharmacal v Customs and Excise Commissioners

[1974] AC 133 ........................................................................................... 136

Nottingham City Council v Amin [2001] 1 Cr App R 426 ............................ 229

O'Brien v Chief Constable of South Wales Police [2005] 2 All ER 931 ......... 180

Omichund v Barker (1744) Willes Rep 550 ................................................ 181

O'Sullivan v Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis

(1995) The Times, 3 July ........................................................................... 134

Oxford Poor Rate Case, Re (1857) 8 E&B 184 .............................................. 43

Paddock v Forrester (1842) 3 Man & Cr 903 .............................................. 150

Paragon Finance plc v Freshfields (a firm) (1999) The Times, 22 March .... 144

Parkes v R (1977) 64 Cr App R 25 ............................................................. 100

Parkin v Moon (1836) 7 C&P 408 ............................................................... 152

Paterson v Nixon, 1960 JC 42 .................................................................... 123

Pharaon v Bank of Credit and Commerce International

[1998] 4 All ER 455 ................................................................................... 147

Phene's Trust, Re (1870) LR 5 Ch 139 ......................................................... 42

Pickard v Sears (1837) 6 Ad & EL 469 ......................................................... 63

Polivitte Ltd. v Commercial Union Assurance Co. Plc [1987] 1 LLR 379 ..... 222

Preston-Jones v Preston-Jones [1951] AC 391 ........................................... 37

Prince v Samo (1838) 7 AD & EL 627 ........................................................ 165

Proulx (Re), R v Bow Street Magistrates' Court, ex p Proulx

[2001] 1 All ER 57 ..................................................................................... 235

Radford v Kent County Council (1998) 162 JPR 697 .................................. 107

Rakusen v Ellis Munday and Clarke [1912] 1 Ch 831, [1911-13]

All ER Rep 813 ........................................................................................... 148

Randolph v Tuck [1962] 1 QB 175 ............................................................... 55

Rank Film Distributors Ltd. v Video Information Centre

[1982] AC 380 ............................................................................................. 95

Raphael, Re [1973] 1 WLR 998 .................................................................... 48

Ratten v R [1972] AC 378 .......................................................................... 215

Read v Bishop of Lincoln [1892] AC 644 .............................................. 46, 191

Reid v R [1996] Crim LR 113 ..................................................................... 112

Republic of Yemen v Aziz (2005) The Times, 22 June ................................. 46

Reynolds v Llanelly Associated Tinplate Co. Ltd. [1948] 1 ALL ER 40 .......... 44

Rhesa Shipping Co. SA v Edmunds [1985] 2 All ER 712 .............................. 22

Richard v R [1992] 4 All ER 897 ................................................................... 57

Rogers v Home Secretary [1973] AC 388 ......................................... 127, 134

Rosher, Re (1884) 26 Ch D 801 .................................................................. 46

Royal Brompton Hospital National Health Service Trust v Hammond

(2001) The Times, 11 May .......................................................................... 39

Rumping v DPP [1964] AC 814 .................................................................. 150

R (on the application of Morgan Grenfell & Co. Ltd.) v Special

Commissioner of Income Tax [2002] 3 All ER 1 127 .............................. 141

R (on the application of Robinson) v Sutton Coldfield

Magistrates' Court (2006) 170 JPR 336 ..................................................... 207

R (On the application of the DPP) v Acton Youth Court,

unreported, 22 May 2001 ......................................................................... 136

R (D) v Camberwell Green Youth Court; R (G) v Camberwell

Green Youth Court [2005] 1 WLR 393 ......................................................... 73

R (S) v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire (2005) The Times, 23 July ...... 123

R (TB) v Stafford Crown Court [2006] 2 Cr App R 34 .................................. 149

R(X) v Chief Constable of West Midlands Police (2004)

The Times, 8 August ................................................................................. 169

R v A [1997] Crim LR 883 .......................................................................... 107

R v A (No. 2) [2001] 2 WLR 1546 ............................................................. 159

R v Absolam (1989) 88 Cr App R 332 ....................................................... 237

R v Acton Justices, ex p McMullen; R v Tower Bridge Magistrates'

Court, ex p Lawlor (1990) 92 Cr App R 98 ................................................ 206

R v Adair [1990] Crim LR 571 ................................................................... 168

R v Adams [1996] 2 Cr App R 467 .................................................... 123, 220

R v Adams [1997] Crim LR 292 ................................................................ 132

R v Agar [1990] Crim LR 183 .................................................................... 132

R v Ainscough (2006) 170 JPR 517, [2006] Crim LR 635 ........................... 177

R v Alath Construction Ltd., R v Brightman [1990] 1 WLR 1255,

[1990] Crim LR 516 .................................................................................... 28

R v Ali (1991) The Times, 19 February ............................................. 184, 230

R v Allen [1996] Crim LR 426 ................................................................... 121

R v Amado-Taylor [2001] 8 Arch News 1 .................................................. 159

R v Anastasiou [1998] Crim LR 67 ............................................................ 119

R v Andrews [1987] 1 All ER 513 .............................................................. 213

R v Argent [1997] 2 Cr App R 27 .............................................................. 102

R v Ashford and Smith [1988] Crim LR 682 ................................................ 25

R v Ashford Magistrates' Court, ex p Hilden [1993] 2 All ER 154 ............... 206

R v Atard (1958) 43 Cr App R 90 ................................................................ 69

R v Atkinson (2006) 170 JPR 605 .............................................................. 177

R v Aujla (1997) The Times, 24 November ............................................... 244

R v B (MT) [2000] Crim LR 181 ................................................................. 103

R v B [1990] Crim LR 510 ........................................................................... 70

R v B [1996] Crim LR 499 ......................................................................... 211

R v Bailey [1993] 3 All ER 512, (1993) 143 NLJ 579 ................................... 241

R v Bailey [1995] 2 Cr App R 262 .............................................................. 236

R v Baker [1969] Crim LR 55 .................................................................... 132

R v Ball [1911] AC 47 ................................................................................ 171

R v Barber (1988) The Times, 29 July ......................................................... 91

R v Barker [1941] 2 KB 381 .............................................................. 230, 238

R v Barratt and Sheehan [1996] Crim LR 495 ............................................. 68

R v Bashir [1969] 1 WLR 1303 .................................................................. 157

R v Baskerville [1916] 2 KB 658 ..................................................... 80, 81, 87

R v Beck [1982] 1 All ER 807 ...................................................................... 85

R v Beckett (1913) 8 Cr App R 204 ........................................................... 228

R v Beckles [2004] ECWA Crim 2766 ......................................................... 105

R v Bedingfield (1879) 14 Cox CC 341 ...................................................... 215

R v Beedie [1997] 3 WLR 758, [1997] Crim LR 747 .................................... 57

R v Bellamy (1985) 82 Cr App R 222 .......................................................... 68

R v Benjafield [2002] 1 All ER 815 .............................................................. 34

R v Bentley [1991] Crim LR 620 ....................................................... 112, 114

R v Berry (1986) 83 Cr App R 7 ................................................................ 171

R v Betts and Hall [2001] 2 Cr App R 257 ................................................. 102

R v Biggin (1920) 1 KB 213 ...................................................................... 167

R v Birchall [1999] Crim LR 511 ................................................................ 106

R v Bird (1997) 161 JPR 96 ....................................................................... 206

R v Black (1922) 16 Cr App R 118 ............................................................. 218

R v Blackledge (William Stuart) (No. 2) (1995)

The Times, 8 November .......................................................................... 131

R v Blake (1844) 6 QB 126 ........................................................................ 212

R v Blenkinsop [1995] 1 Cr App R 7 .......................................................... 121

R v Blick (1966) 50 Cr App R 280 ................................................................ 44

R v Bliss (1837) 7 Ad & El 550 .................................................................. 191

R v Bothrill [1947] KB 41 ............................................................................ 46

R v Botmeh and Alami [2002] Crim LR 209 .............................................. 135

R v Boulkhrif [1999] Crim LR 73 ............................................................... 186

R v Bovell, R v Dowds [2005] 2 Cr App ?R 27 ............................................ 169

R v Bow Street Metropolitan Stipendiary Magistrates & Others,

ex p. Pinochet Ugarte (No. 3) [1999] 2 WLR 827 ....................................... 46

R v Bowden (1999) 163 JPR 337 .............................................................. 104

R v Bowers (1999) 163 JPR 33 ................................................................. 102

R v Boyes (1861) 30 LJQB 301 ................................................................... 94

R v Boyson [1991] Crim LR 274 ................................................................. 52

R v Bracewell (1978) 68 Cr App R 44 ........................................................ 167

R v Bradley (1979) 70 Cr App R 200 ......................................................... 171

R v Bradley (2005) 169 JPR 73 .................................................................. 172

R v Braithwaite [1983] 1 WLR 385, [1983] 2 All ER 87 ................................ 24

R v Brasier (1779) 1 Leach 199 ............................................................ 69, 70

R v Britton and Richards [1989] Crim LR 144 ........................................... 117

R v Britzman [1983] 1 WLR 350 ............................................................... 167

R v Brown (1989) 89 Cr App R .................................................................. 159

R v Brown (D.W.) (1971) 55 Cr App R 478 .................................................. 24

R v Brown and Daley (1987) 87 Cr App R 52 ............................................. 132

R v Brushett, unreported, 21 December 2000 ......................................... 131

R Burge and Pegge [1996] 1 Cr App R 163 .................................................. 91

R v Burke (1985) 82 Cr App R 156 ............................................................ 167

R v Burke [1990] Crim LR 401 .................................................................... 12

R v Butterwasser [1948] 1 KB 4 ....................................................... 166, 168

R v C [1996] Crim LR 37 ........................................................................... 159

R v C [2006] 3 All ER 689 .......................................................................... 172

R v C [2008] 1 WLR 966 ............................................................................ 160

R v C and K [2006] Crim LR 637 ................................................................ 203

R v Caird [1970] Crim LR 656 ................................................................... 116

R v Campbell (1983) 147 JPR 392, [1983] Crim LR 174 .............................. 70

R v Campbell [1995] 1 Cr App R 522 .................................................. 83, 236

R v Campbell [1996] Crim LR 500 ............................................................ 116

R v Campbell [2007] 2 Cr App R 28 ........................................................... 175

R v Camplin [1978] AC 705 ...................................................................... 224

R v Carceres-Moreira [1995] Crim LR 489 ................................................. 171

R v Cartwright (1914) 10 Cr App R 219 ..................................................... 116

R v Case [1992] Crim LR 192 ................................................................... 202

R v Castillo [1996] 1 Cr App R 438 ............................................................ 203

R v Central Criminal Court, ex p Francis and Francis [1989] AC 346 ......... 142

R v Central Criminal Court, ex p The Guardian, The Observer

and Bright [2002] Crim LR 64 ................................................................... 142

R v Chadwick (1917) 12 Cr App R 247 ...................................................... 121

R v Champ [1982] Crim LR 109 .................................................................. 25

R v Chandler (1976) 63 CR App R 1 .......................................................... 100

R v Chapman [1973] QB 774, [1973] 2 All ER 624 ...................................... 89

R v Chapman [1980] Crim LR 42 ................................................................ 78

R v Chapman [1991] Crim LR 44 ................................................................. 51

R v Chard (1971) 56 Cr App R 268 .................................................... 220, 224

R v Cheema [1994 1 WLR 147 ................................................................... 85

R v Chief Constable of West Midlands Police, ex p Wiley

[1994] 3 WLR 433 .................................................................................... 134

R v Ching [1976] 63 Cr App R 7 .................................................................. 38

R v Chitson [1909] KB 945 ....................................................................... 167

R v Christie [1914] AC 545 ........................................................................ 100

R v Clarke [1995] 2 Cr App R 45 ....................................................... 162, 220

R v Clewer (19553) 37 Cr App R 37 .......................................................... 208

R v Cokar [1960] 2 QB 202 ............................................................... 167, 168

R v Cole (1810) Judges' Notebooks on Crown Cases, Vol. 3 ..................... 170

R v Condron (1997) 161 JPR 1 .................................................................. 104

R v Conti (1974) 58 Cr App R 387 ............................................................... 75

R v Conway (John) [1990] Crim LR 402 .................................................... 117

R v Cook (1987) 84 Cr App R 369 ............................................................. 121

R v Cook [1959] 2 QB 340 ........................................................................ 167

R v Cooke [1995] Crim LR 369 ......................................................... 122, 220

R v Cowan, Gayle and Ricciardi (1996) 160 JPR 165 .......................... 102, 106

R v Cox [1991] Crim LR 276 ............................................................... 83, 236

R v Cox and Railton (1884) 14 QBD 153 ................................................... 140

R v Crampton [1991] Crim LR 277 ............................................................ 234

R v Crawford [1997] 1 WLR 1329, [1997] Crim LR 749 ............................. 168

R v Crozier (1990) Guardian Law Reports, 8 May ...................................... 149

R v Da Silva [1990] Crm LR 200 ................................................................ 152

R v Dallagher (2002) The Times, 21 August ..................................... 122, 220

R v Daly [2002] 1 Arch News 2 ................................................................. 103

R v Davies [1962] 3 All ER 97 ................................................................... 228

R v Davis , Johnson and Rowe (1993) 97 Cr App R 110 ............................. 135

R v Davis [2008] UKHL 36 ......................................................................... 198

R v Davison [1988] Crim LR 442 ............................................................... 232

R v Day (Barry) (1996) The Times, 8 March .............................................. 211

R v Delay (2006) 170 JPR 581 ................................................................... 177

R v Deenik [1992] Crim LR 578 ................................................................ 125

R v Delaney (1989) 88 Cr App R 338 ........................................................ 235

R v Derby Magistrates Court, ex p B [1995] 3 WLR 681 ............................ 141

R v Deroda [2001] 1 Cr App R 41 .............................................................. 208

R v Devereux (1905) The Times, 28 July .................................................. 214

R v Devonport [1996] Crim LR 255 ........................................................... 212

R v Director of Serious Fraud, ex p Smith [1992] 1 All ER 730 ................... 96

R v Dixon (1925) 19 Cr App R 36 ................................................................ 84

R v Dixon (Sarah Louise) (2000) 164 JPR 721, [2001] Crim LR 126 ............ 51

R v Dixon and Mann (1994) The Times, 31 December ............................. 241

R v Doheny [1997] 1 Cr App R 369 ................................................... 122, 220

R v Dowley [1983] Crim LR 168 .................................................................. 91

R v DPP, ex p Kebilene; R v DPP, ex p Rechachi

[2000] 1 Cr App R 275 ......................................................................... 25, 29

R v Dragic (1996) 2 Cr App R 232 ............................................................. 205

R v Duffy [1999] 1 Cr App R 307 ............................................................... 211

R v Duffus (1993) 158 JPR 224 .................................................................. 171

R v Dunbar [1957] 2 All ER 737, [1958] 1 QB 1 .................................. 24, 212

R v Dunkley [1927] 1 KB 323 ................................................................... 167

R v Dunlop [2007] 1 WLR 1657 ................................................................... 63

R v Dunning [1965] Crim LR 372 ................................................................ 68

R v E [2004] ECWA Crim 1243, [2004] 2 Cr App R 29 ................................ 245

R v Edwards (1872) Cox CC 230 ............................................................... 214

R v Edwards [1975] QB 27 ................................................................... 21, 26

R v Edwards, Fysh, Duggan and Chohan [2006] 1 Cr App R 3 .................... 175

R v Effik (1992) 95 Cr App R 427 .............................................................. 229

R v El-Hannachi [1998] 2 Cr App R 226 .................................................... 119

R v Evans-Jones (1923) 87 JPR 115 ........................................................... 24

R v Everett [1988] Crim LR 826 ............................................... 235, 236, 238

R v F (Complainant's sexual history)(2005) The Times, 16 March ............. 160

R v Farid (1945) 30 Cr App R 168 ............................................................... 84

R v Feely [1973] QB 530, [1973] 1 All ER 3412 .......................................... 16

R v Finch [2007] 1 Cr App R 33 ................................................................. 231

R v Fitzpatrick (Gerald) (1999) The Times, 19 February ............................ 223

R v Forbes [2001] 1 Cr App R 430 ............................................................ 119

R v Fotheringham [1975] Crim LR 710 ..................................................... 152

R v Fowler (1988) 86 Cr App R 219 .......................................................... 171

R v French and Gowhar (1993) 97 Cr App R 421 ...................................... 202

R v Fricker (1999) The Times, 13 July ........................................................ 44

R v Friend [1997] 1 WLR 1433 ................................................................. 107

R v Fulling [1987] QB 426 .......................................................................... 231

R v Funderburk [1990] 2 All ER 482 .................................................. 159, 160

R v Galbraith [1981] 2 All ER 1060 ............................................................... 18

R v Gannon (1988) 87 Cr App R 254 ........................................................... 23

 

R v Gaynor [1988] Crim LR 242 ................................................................ 117

R v Genns and Britton [1996] Crim LR 502 ................................................. 91

R v Gibson (1887) 18 QBD 537 ................................................................. 182

R v Gibson (2000) The Times, 2 March ....................................................... 34

R v Gilfoyle [1996] Crim LR 198 ................................................................ 201

R v Gilfoyle [2001] 2 Cr App R 57 ..................................................... 214, 220

R v Gill (1963) 47 Cr App R 166 .................................................................. 23

R v Gill [2001] 1 Cr App R 160 .................................................................. 103

R v Gokal [1997] 2 Cr App R 266 .............................................................. 204

R v Goldenberg [1988] Crim LR 678 ................................................. 234. 238

R v Goodway [1993] 4 All ER 225 ............................................................... 91

R v Gough [2002] Crim LR 526 .................................................................. 107

R v Governor of Brixton Prison, ex p Levin [1997] 3 All ER 289 ................ 192

R v Governor of Pentonville Prison, ex p Osman [1990] 1 WLR .................... 7

R v Graham [1973] Crim LR 628 ............................................................... 152

R v Grant (Thomas) [1985] Crim LR 387 .................................................... 25

R v Grant [1944] 2 All ER 311 ..................................................................... 74

R v Grant [1936] 2 All ER 1156 ................................................................... 57

R v Grant [2006] QB 60 ............................................................................. 141

R v Gray [1995] 2 Cr App R 100 ................................................................. 212

R v Griffiths [1990] Crim LR 181 ................................................................. 56

R v H (1988) 86 Cr App R 349 .................................................................. 239

R v H [1987] Crim LR 47 ............................................................................ 238

R v H (1990) 2 All ER 881 .......................................................................... 211

R v H [1994] 2 All ER 881 ........................................................................... 88

R v H, unreported, December 1998 (Bristol Crown Court) ............... 161, 220

R v H, R v G (dec'd) [2006] 1 Cr App R 10 ................................................. 162

R v H and C [2004] 2 Cr App R 10 .............................................................. 136

R v Hacker (1994) The Times, 21 November; [1995]

1 All ER 45 ......................................................................................... 164, 171

R v Halpin [1975] 1 QB 907 ...................................................................... 190

R v Hampshire [1995] 2 Cr App R 319 ........................................................ 70

R v Hanson, R v Gilmore, R v Pickstone (2005) 169 JPR 250 ..................... 173

R v Hardy (1794) 24 St Tr 199 .................................................................. 132

R v Harris [2002] ECWA Crim 174 .............................................................. 120

R v Harry (1988) 86 Cr Ap R 105 .............................................................. 216

R v Harvey [1988] Crim LR 241 ................................................................ 235

R v Hasson and Davey [1997] Crim LR 579 ................................................ 52

R v Hay (1860) F&F 4 ............................................................................... 148

R v Hayes [1977] 1 WLR 234 .................................................................... 113

R v Haynes (1976) 64 Cr App R 194 ........................................................... 70

R v Hayter [2005] 1 WLR 605 .................................................................... 231

R v Heaton (1832) 1 Lew CC 116 ............................................................. 122

R v Henderson , unreported, Central Criminal Court, 5 October 1992 ....... 131

R v Hepworth [1955] 2 QB 600 .................................................................. 37

R v Hertfordshire County Council, ex p Green [2000] HRLR 359 ................. 97

R v Hewett [1978] RTR 174 ...................................................................... 113

R v Hewitt and Davis (1992) 95 Cr App R 81 ............................................. 132

R v Highton, Van Nguyen and Carp [2005] 1 WLR 3472 .................... 177, 178

R v Hill (1851) 2 Den 254 ........................................................................... 68

R v Hill [1996] Crim LR 419 ........................................................................ 92

R v Hogan [1974] QB 398 ........................................................................... 58

R v Hogan [1997] Crim LR 349 ................................................................. 193

R v Horncastle and Ors. (2009) The Times, 3 June .................................... 196

R v Horne [1990] Crim LR 188 ................................................................. 100

R v Horseferry Road Magistrates' Court, ex p Bennett

(No. 2) [1994] 1 All ER 289 ...................................................................... 134

R v Howell [2003] Crim LR 405 .................................................................. 105

R v Howick [1970] Crim LR 403 ................................................................ 116

R v Hughes (1977) The Times, 8 November ............................................ 116

R v Humphris (2005) 169 JPR 441 ............................................................. 177

R v Hunt [1987] 1 All ER 1 .......................................................................... 26

R v Hunter [1969] Crim LR 262 ................................................................ 116

R v Hurst [1995] 1 Cr App R 82 ................................................................. 202

R v Hutchings (1991) 6 QBD 300 ................................................................ 53

R v Islam [1998] Crim LR 575, (1998) 162 JPR 391 .................................... 82

R v Jennings (1912) 7 Cr App R 242 ............................................................ 84

R v Jennion [1962] 1 WLR 317 ................................................................. 223

R v John [1973] Crim LR 113 .................................................................... 116

R v Johnson [1989] 1 All ER 121 .............................................................. 132

R v Johnson [1995] Crim LR 53 ........................................................ 125, 171

R v Johnson, R v Hind (2005) The Times, 3 May ........................................ 105

R v Johnson (2007) 171 JPR 574 ............................................................... 231

R v Johnstone [2003] 1 WLR 1736 .............................................................. 34

R v Jones, Dowling, Jones and Brown (1994) 158 JPR 293 ....................... 121

R v Jones, R v Nelson (1999) The Times, 21 April .................................... 117

R v K (1999) The Times, 16 July ................................................................. 82

R v Kansal (No. 2) [2002] 1 All ER 257 ........................................................ 34

R v Keane [1994] 2 All ER 479 .................................................................. 133

R v Kearley (1992) 95 Cr App R 88 ............................................... 8, 198, 216

R v Kemble [1990] Crim LR 71 ................................................................... 78

R v Kempster [1989] Crim LR 747 ............................................................. 51

R v Kennedy [1992] Crim LR 37 ................................................................ 202

R v Keogh [2007] 3 All ER 1500 .................................................................. 36

R v Khan (1981) 73 Cr App R 190 ............................................................... 70

R v Khan (Sultan) [1996] 3 All ER 289 ...................................................... 242

R v Kingston (1776) 20 St Tr 355 ............................................................. 149

R v Knight (2003) The Times, 20 August ................................................... 105

R v Knowlden (1983) 77 Cr App R 277 ................................................. 85, 86

R v Krausz (1973) 57 Cr App R 466 .......................................................... 157

R v Kurasch [1915] 2 KB 749 ................................................................... 167

R v L (Evidence of Wife) (2008) The Times, 14 May .................................... 76

R v Ladlow, Moss, Green and Jackson [1989] Crim LR 219 ....................... 116

R v Lamb (1980) 71 Cr App R 198 ............................................................ 121

R v Lambert [2001] UKHRR 1074 ............................................................... 34

R v Lamont [1989] Crim LR 813 ......................................................... 83, 236

R v Landon [1995] Crim LR 338 ................................................................. 92

R v Langford [1990] Crim LR 653 ............................................................. 132

R v Latif and Shahzad [1996] Crim LR 415 ................................................ 241

R v Lawrence & Ors. [2002] Crim LR 585 ................................................. 135

R v Lawrence [1977] Crim LR 492 ............................................................ 159

R v Lawson [2007] 1 Cr App R 11 .............................................................. 178

R v Leeds Crown Court, ex p Switalski [1991] Crim LR 559 ...................... 142

R v Liacopoulos [1991] 10 Arch News 1 ..................................................... 91

R v Lillyman [1896] 2 QB 167 .................................................................... 158

R v Lobell [1957] 1 QB 547 ........................................................................ 23

R v Lockley and Corah [1995] 2 Cr App R 554 .......................................... 202

R v Long (1973) 57 Cr App R 871 ............................................................. 115

R v Loosely, Attorney General's Ref. (No. 3 of 2000)

[2001] 1 WLR 2060 .................................................................................. 248

R v Lovell [1990] Crim LR 111 .................................................................... 85

R v Lucas [1981] QB 720 ............................................................................ 90

R v Luffe (1807) 8 East 193 ....................................................................... 43

R v Lumley (1869) LR 1 CCR 196 ................................................................ 41

R v Lyons & Ors. [2002] 4 All ER 1028 ......................................................... 99

R v M'Naghten (1843) I0CL & F 20 ............................................................. 23

R v Machado (2006) 170 JPR 400 .............................................................. 169

R v Macmath [1997] Crim LR 58 ............................................................... 119

R v Maish [1986] Crim LR 395 .................................................................. 225

R v Makanjuola, R v Easton [1995] 3 All ER 730 .......................................... 86

R v Malashev [1997] Crim LR 587 ............................................................. 119

R v Malindi [1967] AC 315 ......................................................................... 167

R v Manning (1923) 17 Cr App R 85 .......................................................... 125

R v Maqsud Ali, R v Ashiq Hussain [1965] 2 All ER 464 ..................... 184, 229

R v Martin (Anthony) [2002] 2 WLR 1, [2002] 1 Cr App R 323 .................. 212

R v Martin James Owen, unreported, 11 April 2001 .................................. 203

R v Martinez-Tobon [1994] 2 All ER 90 ..................................................... 100

R v Mason (1988) 86 Cr App R 349 ........................................................... 238

R v Matthews, Voss and Dennison [1990] Crim LR 190 ............................ 237

R v Matthias [1989] Crim LR 64 .................................................................. 76

R v Maw [1994] Crim LR 841 .................................................................... 155

R v McAndrew-Bingham [1999] 2 Cr App R 293 .......................................... 71

R v McDonald (1990) The Times, 29 August ............................................. 149

R v McGarry [1999] 1 Cr App R 377 .......................................................... 103

R v McLean (1967) 52 Cr App R 80 ................................................... 183, 209

R v McNeil (2008) 172 JPR 50 .................................................................... 169

R v Meredith (1943) 29 Cr App R 40 ............................................................ 75

R v Miah [2001] 10 Arch News 2 .............................................................. 120

R v Miell [2008] 1 WLR 627 ......................................................................... 63

R v Milford [2001] Crim LR 330 ................................................................. 104

R v Miller [1986] 1 WLR 1192 ............................................................ 232, 238

R v Miller [1997] Crim LR 217 ........................................................... 167, 207

R v Minors, R v Harper [1989] 2 All ER 208 ................................................. 12

R v Mitchell (1892) 17 Cox CC 403 ........................................................... 100

R v Moghal (1977) 65 Cr App R 56 ............................................................ 213

R v Montgomery [1966] NI 120 ............................................................... 126

R v Moscovitch (1925) 18 Cr App R 37 ....................................................... 69

R v Mountford [1999] Crim LR 575 ........................................................... 103

R v Murray [1997] 2 Cr App R 136 ............................................................. 212

R v Mustafa (1976) 65 Cr App R 109 ......................................................... 125

R v N (1998) The Times, 13 February ....................................................... 103

R v N (K) (2007) 171 JPR 158 .................................................................... 198

R v Nagrecha (1997) 2 Cr App R 401 ......................................................... 160

R v Napper (1997) 161 JPR 161 ................................................................ 106

R v Neville [1991] Crim LR 288 ................................................................. 184

R v Nicholson (1999) The Times, 7 September ........................................ 119

R v O (A) [2000] Crim LR 419 ..................................................................... 91

R v O'Brien (2000) The Times, 16 February .............................................. 225

R v O'Brien [1982] Crim LR 746 ................................................................ 121

R v O'Connor [1980] Crim LR 43 ................................................................. 83

R v O'Connor [1987] 1 QB 920, (1987) 85 Cr App R 304 ............................. 50

R v O'Laughlin and McLaughlin (1987) 85 Cr App R 157 ............................ 207

R v Oakwell (1978) 66 Cr App R 174 ......................................................... 113

R v Okorodu [1982] Crim LR 747 .............................................................. 121

R v Ollis [1900] 2 QB 758 ........................................................................... 56

R v P (GR) [1998] Crim LR 663 ................................................................. 211

R v P [1991] 3 All ER 337 .......................................................... 170, 171, 178

R v P [2001] 2 WLR 462 ........................................................................... 244

R v Paraskeva (1982) 76 Cr App R 162 ..................................................... 164

R v Parker [1996] Crim LR 511 ................................................................. 211

R v Patel [2002] Crim LR 304 ................................................................... 132

R v Paul [1920] 2 KB 183 ........................................................................... 75

R v Payne [1963] 1 WLR 637 ............................................................ 230, 238

R v PB [2001] EWCA Crim 3042 ................................................................. 160

R v Pearce (2002) 166 JPR 103 .................................................................. 76

R v Petrie [1961] 1 WLR 358 ...................................................................... 24

R v Pieterson [1995] 1 WLR 293 .............................................................. 126

R v Pipe (1967) 51 Cr App R 17 .................................................................. 75

R v Popat [1998] 2 Cr App R 208 .............................................................. 119

R v Popat (No. 2) [2000] 1 Cr App R 387 .................................................. 119

R v Prater [1960] 2 QB 464 ........................................................................ 85

R v Preston [1994] 2 AC 130 .................................................................... 229

R v Prince [1990] Crim LR 49 ................................................................... 164

R v Quinn [1995] 1 Cr App R 480 .............................................................. 118

R v Radak [1999] 1 Cr App R 187 ............................................................. 203

R v Randall [2004] 1 Cr App R 26 ............................................................... 178

R v Rankine [1986] 2 All ER 52 ................................................................. 132

R v Rasool, R v Choudhary (1997) The Times, 17 February ...................... 241

R v Rawlings and Broadbent [1995] 1 All ER 580 ...................................... 211

R v Redbridge Youth Court, R v Bicester Youth Court

[2001] 4 All ER 411 .................................................................................... 71

R v Redgrave (1982) 74 Cr App R 10 ........................................................ 166

R v Redpath (1962) 46 Cr App R 319 .......................................................... 82

R v Rice [1963] 1 QB 857 ......................................................................... 183

R v Richardson [1971] 2 WLR 889 ............................................................. 153

R v Ricketts [1991] Crim LR 915 .............................................................. 207

R v Riley (1887) 18 QBD 481 .................................................................... 157

R v Robb (1991) 93 Cr App R 161 ..................................................... 126, 220

R v Roberts (1878) 14 Cox CC 101 ............................................................. 40

R v Roberts (1999) The Times, 14 September ......................................... 126

R v Roberts [1990] Crim LR 122 ............................................................... 224

R v Robertson and Golder [1987] 1 QB 920, (1987) 85 Cr App R 304 ......... 50

R v Robinson (1993) The Times, 25 November .......................................... 78

R v Robinson [1996] Crim LR 417 .............................................................. 91

R v Rouse [1904] 1 KB 104 ....................................................................... 167

R v Rowland (1826) Ry & M 401 ................................................................. 74

R v Rowton (1865) Le & Ca 520 ............................................................... 166

R v Rudd (1948) 32 Cr App R 138 ............................................................... 75

R v Rushton (1786) 1 L Ca L 403 ................................................................ 69

R v Ryan [1990] Crim LR 50 ..................................................................... 114

R v S (Evidence: Sex Abuse) (2004) The Times, 11 June .......................... 159

R v S, R v W [2007] 2 All ER 974 ................................................................ 163

R v Said [1992] Crim LR 433 .................................................................... 159

R v Samuel (1956) 40 Cr App R 8 ............................................................. 167

R v Samuel [1988] QB 615 ............................................................... 232, 238

R v Sang [1980] AC 402 ................................................................... 229, 238

R v Sargent [2001] 1 Cr App R 168 .......................................................... 244

R v Sat-Bhambra [1988] Crim LR 453 ....................................................... 236

R v Saunders [1989] 1 QB 490 ................................................................. 183

R v Saunders, Parnes, Ronson and Lyons (2002)

The Times, 1 February ............................................................................... 99

R v Sawoniuk [2000] 2 Cr App R 220 ........................................................ 171

R v Schama (1914) 11 Cr App R 45 ............................................................ 20

R v Secretary of State for Social Services, ex p W

(1999) The Times, 19 May ......................................................................... 49

R v Secretary of State for the Home Department ex p Turgut

[2000] HRLR 337 ...................................................................................... 233

R v Sellick [2005] 1 WLR 3257 .................................................................. 196

 

R (Limbuela) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (2004) The Times, 9 February 233

R (Nasseri) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2008]

1 All ER 411 ............................................................................................... 233

R v Secretary of State for Trade, ex p McCormick

(1998) The Times, 10 February .................................................................. 99

R v Secretary of State, ex p Lees [1941] 1 KB 72 ..................................... 128

R v Shannon [2001] 1 Cr App R 168 ......................................................... 229

R v Sharman (1736) Cas KB Temp Hardw 303 73 ........................................ 74

R v Sharp [1993] 3 All ER 225 .................................................................... 91

R v Sharrock [1948] 1 All ER 145 ................................................................ 74

R v Shaw (1830) 1 Lew CC 116 ................................................................ 122

R v Shayler [2002] 2 All ER 477 ........................................................ 131, 138

R v Shephard [1993] 1 All ER 225 ...................................................... 12, 193

R v Sheridan [1937] 1 KB 223 .................................................................... 57

R v Silcott, Braithwaite and Raghip

(1991) The Times, 9 December ....................................................... 225, 236

R v Silverlock [1894] 2 QB 766 ......................................................... 220, 221

R v Simpson [1983] 3 All ER 789 ................................................................ 43

R v Singh (2006) 170 JPR 222 ................................................................... 198

R v Smith (1915) 1 Cr App R 229 ............................................................. 171

R v Smith (Joe) [2001] 1 WLR 1031 ......................................................... 135

R v Smith (Percy) [1976] Crim LR 511 ...................................................... 122

R v Smith and Currier [1918] 2 KB 415 .................................................... 171

R v Smith and Doe (1987) 85 Cr App R 197 ............................................. 113

R v Smolinski [2004] 2 Cr App R 40 ........................................................... 162

R v Smurthwaite and Gill [1994] 1 All ER 898 ........................................... 241

R v Snaresbrook Crown Court, ex p DPP [1987] Crim LR 824 ................... 142

R v Somanathan [2005] The Times, 18 November ................................... 178

R v South Ribble Stipendiary Magistrate, ex p Cochrane

(1996) The Times, 24 June ...................................................................... 152

R v Spencer (1986) 83 Cr App R 277 .......................................................... 85

R v Spiby [1991] Crim LR 199 ............................................................ 12, 193

R v Spurge [1961] 2 QB 205, [1961] 2 All ER 688 ...................................... 24

R v Stagg [1994] 9 Arch News 4 ...................................... 220, 230, 238, 239

R v Staines and Morrisey [1997] 2 Cr Ap R 426 .......................................... 98

R v Stephenson [2006] ECWA Crim 2325 .................................................. 160

R v Stockwell (1993) The Times, 11 March ................................................ 225

R v Straffen [1952] 2 QB 911 ........................................................... 125, 171

R v Stretton (1986) 86 Cr App R 7 .............................................................. 68

R v Sutton (1816) 4 M&S 532 ................................................................... 189

R v T, R v H [2002] 1 All ER 683 ................................................................ 159

R v Taylor (1923) 17 Cr App R 109 ........................................................... 125

R v Taylor [2006] Crim LR 639 ................................................................... 195

R v Taylor (Michelle Anne) (1994) 98 Cr App R 361 .................................. 115

R v Tate [1908] 2 KB 68 ............................................................................ 100

R v Terry (2004) The Times, 28 December ................................................. 60

R v Thomas [1998] Crim LR 887 ...................................................... 204, 208

R v Thompson [1912] KB 19 .................................................................... 213

R v Thorne [1981] Crim LR 702 ................................................................ 117

R v Tirnaveanu [2007] 4 All ER 301 ........................................................... 169

R v Togher, Doran and Parsons [2001] 3 All ER 463 .................................. 247

R v Toner [1991] Crim LR 627 .................................................................. 225

R v Tottenham Justice, ex p ML (1986) 82 Cr App R 277 .......................... 123

R v Travers (1726) 2 STR 700 ...................................................................... 69

R v Traynor, unreported, Case Nos T951411 and T960912

(Liverpool Crown Court, July 1996) .......................................................... 163

R v Trevor Douglas K (1993) 97 Cr App R 342 .......................................... 133

R v Triano (1987) 27 ACR 271 .................................................................... 17

R v Tricoglus (1976) 650 Cr App R 16 ........................................................ 171

R v Turnbull [1976] 3 All ER 549, [1977] QB 224 .............................. 112, 113

R v Turner (1975) 61 Cr App R 67, [1975] QB 834 .............................. 75, 219

R v Turner [1995] 3 All ER 433 ................................................................. 132

R v Ukpabio [2008] 1 WLR 728 .................................................................... 73

R v Varley [1982] 2 All ER 519 .................................................................. 168

R v Vigo (1978) 67 Cr App R 323 .............................................................. 153

R v Viola (1982) 75 Cr App R 125 ............................................................. 158

R v Voisin [1918] 1 KB 531, [1918-19] All ER Rep 491 ............................. 229

R v Wainwright (1875) 13 Cox CC 171 ...................................................... 213

R v Wainwright [1998] Crim LR 665 .................................................. 167, 207

R v Wakefield (1827) 2 Lew 279 ................................................................. 68

R v Wallace (2007) 171 JPR 543 ................................................................ 169

R v Wallwork (1958) 42 Cr App R 153 ......................................................... 70

R v Wang [2005] 1 WLR 661 ....................................................................... 19

R v Ward [1993] 2 All ER 577 ................................................................... 133

R v Warickshall (1783) 1 Leach 263 ......................................................... 229

R v Warner, R v Jones (1993) 96 Cr App R 324 ........................................... 51

R v Waters (1997) 161 JPR 249 ................................................................ 206

R v Watson [1980] 1 WLR 991 ................................................................. 236

R v Weightman (1990) The Times, 8 November ...................................... 226

R v Welstead [1996] Crim LR 48 .............................................................. 211

R v West, unreported, 14 September 1999 ............................................. 213

R v Whitehead [1929] 1 KB 99 ........................................................... 82, 100

R v Whitehouse [1996] Crim LR 50 .................................................... 89, 171

R v Williams (1835) 7 C&P 320 ................................................................... 69

R v Wilson (1983) 78 Cr App R 247 .......................................................... 183

R v Winfield (1939) 4 All ER 164 ............................................................... 167

R v Wood [1987] 1 WLR 779 .................................................................... 171

R v Woodcock [1963] Crim LR 273 ........................................................... 152

R v Wright (1934) 25 Cr App R 198 .......................................................... 121

R v Wright and Ormerod (1987) 90 Cr App R 91 ......................................... 70

R v Xhabri [2006] 1 All ER 776 ................................................................... 195

R v Yu [2006] Crim LR 643 ................................................................ ****203

R v Z [2000] 3 All ER 385 ..................................................... 56, 59, 168, 177

Sambasivam v Malaya Public Prosecutor [1950] AC 548 .............................. 56

Sapporo Maru (Owners) v Statue of Liberty [1968] 1 WLR 739 ................. 190

Savage v Chief Constable of Hampshire Constabulary

[1997] 2 All ER 631 ................................................................................... 132

Savings and Investment Bank and Gasco Investments

(Netherland) B V [1984] 1 WLR 271 .......................................................... 187

Secretary of State for Defence v Guardian Newspaper Ltd.

[1985] AC 339 ........................................................................................... 144

Science Research Council v Nassé [1980] AC 1028 .................................. 127

Scott v London and St. Katherine Docks Co. (1865)

34 LJ Ex 20, 3 HC 596 ................................................................................. 21

Selvey v DPP [1970] AC 304 ...................................................................... 167

Shand v R [1996] 1 All ER 511 ................................................................... 115

Sheldrake v DPP, Attorney General's Reference (No. 4 of 2002) [2003] 2 All ER 497; [2005] 1 All ER 237 34

Shephard v Cartwright [1955] AC 431 ......................................................... 43

Sidaway v Bethlem Royal Hospital Governors [1985] 1 All ER 643 ............. 220

Smith v Linskills (a firm) [1996] 2 All ER 355 ............................................... 54

Sociedale Nationale de Combustiveis De Angola v

Lundqvist [1991] 2 WLR 280 ....................................................................... 95

Society of Medical Officers of Health v Hope [1960] AC 551 ........................ 55

Solicitor, Re A (1996) The Times, 18 March ................................................. 54

Somatra Ltd. v Sinclair Roche & Temperley [2000] 2 LLR 673 .................. 150

Sophocleous v Ringer [1988] RTR 52 ........................................................ 193

Soward v Leggatt (1836) 7 Cand P 613, 173 ER 269 ................................... 22

Spenceley v De Wilmott (1806) 7 East 108 .............................................. 179

Stanton v Callaghan [1999] 2 WLR 745 ..................................................... 222

Stirland v DPP [1944] AC 315 ............................................................ 167, 169

Stockdale v Hansard (1839) 9 A&E 1 .......................................................... 46

Stupple v Royal Insurance Co. Ltd. [1970] 3 All ER 230 .............................. 49

Sturla v Freccia (1880) 5 App Cas 623182 ................................................ 189

Subramaniam v Public Prosecutor [1956] 1 WLR 965 ............................... 182

Sumitomo Corporation v Credit Lyonnais Rouse Ltd.

[2002] 1 WLR 479, [2001] 2 LLR 517 ........................................................ 141

Sutton v Sutton [1970] 1 WLR 183 ............................................................. 49

Sweet v Parsley [1970] AC 132 ................................................................... 25

Tate Access Floor Inc v Boswell [1991] 2 WLR 304 ..................................... 95

Taylor v Chief Constable of Greater Manchester (1995)

The Times, 19 January .............................................................................. 134

Taylor v Taylor [1970] 2 All ER 609 .............................................................. 49

Teper v R [1952] AC 480 ........................................................................... 215

Thoday v Thoday [1964] 1 All ER 341 .......................................................... 52

Theodoropoulas v Theodoropoulas [1963] 2 All ER 722 ............................ 150

Thompson v R [1918] AC 221 ........................................................... 124, 171

Thompson v Thompson [1957] P 19 ........................................................... 56

Thorpe v Greater Manchester Chief Constable ......................................... 180

[1989] 2 All ER 827

Three Rivers District Council v Governor and Company of the

Bank of England (No 6) [2004] 3 WLR 1274 .............................................. 141

Toohey v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1965] AC 595 ..................... 165

Tournier v National Provincial and Union Bank of England

[1924] 1 KB 461 ........................................................................................ 146

Townsend v Bishop [1939] 1 All ER 805 ...................................................... 54

Tumahole Bereng v R [1949] AC 253 .......................................................... 89

Turner v Royal Bank of Scotland (1999) The Times, 17 April ..................... 147

Unilever plc v Proctor and Gamble Co. (1999) The Times, 4 November .... 150

United States of America v McRae (1868) 3 Ch App 79 ............................... 94

Universal Thermosensors Ltd. v Hibben [1992] 1 WLR 840 ........................ 95

Ventouris v Mountain (No. 2) The Italian Express [1992] 1 WLR 887 .... 7, 186

W (Minors) (Wardship Evidence), Re [1990] 1 FLR 203 ............................. 192

W v Edgell [1989] 1 All ER 1985 ................................................................ 149

Wakelin v London & South Western Railway (1996) 12 App Cas 41 ............. 22

Walker v Wilsher (1889) 23 QBD 335 ........................................................ 150

Warner v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1969] 2 AC 256 .................... 25

Wauchope v Mordecai [1970] 1 All ER 417 .................................................. 49

Waugh v British Railways Board [1980] AC 521 ......................................... 140

Wellington v DPP (2007) 171 JPR 497 ........................................................ 209

Wells v Wells [1998] 3 WLR 329 ................................................................ 192

West Midland Passenger Executive v Singh [1988] 2 All ER 873 ............... 179

Wetherall v Harrison [1976] 1 All ER 241 ..................................................... 44

Wheeler v Le Merchant (1881) 17 Ch D 675 ............................................. 139

Whitehouse v Jordan [1981] 1 WLR 246 ................................................... 222

Whitelock v Baker (1807) 13 Vesey 511 ................................................... 191

Wilkes v Wood (1763) 19 St Tr 1153 ......................................................... 242

Williams v DPP [1993] 3 All ER 365 ............................................................ 240

Williams v East India Co. (1802) 3 East 192, 102 ER 571 ............................ 41

Williams v R [1997] 1 WLR 548 ................................................................. 116

Wilson v Wilson [1903] P 157 .................................................................... 227

Winsor v R (1866) LR 1 QB 390 ................................................................... 75

Wong Kam-Ming v R [1980] AC 247 .......................................................... 237

Woodhouse v Hall (1980) 72 Cr App R 39 ................................................. 183

Woolgar v Chief Constable of Sussex Police and UKCC

[1999] Ll RM 335 ....................................................................................... 149

Woolmington v DPP [1935] AC 42 ................................................... 20, 23, 37

Worral v Powergen plc (1999) The Times, 10 February ............................. 192

Wright v Doe d. Tatham (1837) 7 Ad & El 313 ........................................... 216

X Ltd. v Morgan-Grampian (Publishers) Ltd. [1991] 1 AC 1 ........................ 145

X v Y [1988] 2 All ER 648 ........................................................................... 149

XYZ v Schering Health Care Ltd. Re the Oral Contraception

Litigation [2002] All ER (D) 437 ......................................................... 222, 223

Young v HM Advocate, 1932 JC 63, [1932] SLT R 466 ................................. 75

Cases from Other Jurisdictions

McMahon v McElroy (1969) 5 IR Rep Eq 1 ................................................... 42

People (A-G) v Casey (No. 2) [1963] IR 33

(Supreme Court of Eire ) .............................................................................. 89

R v Tupedo (1920) AD 58 .......................................................................... 126

State v Mbatha [1996] 2 LRC 208 (South African

Constitutional Court ) ................................................................................... 31

State of New Hampshire v Joel Hungerford (1997);

http://www.state.nh.us/court/supreme.htm ................................................................ 162

USA v Zenni (1980) 492 Fed Supp 464 ..................................................... 217


 

Table of Statutes

 

1792 Fox's Libel Act ................................................................................. 17

 

1795 Treason Act

s.1 .......................................................................... 83

 

1812 Parochial Registers Act ...................................................................... 3

 

1845 Evidence Act ..................................................................................... 3

 

1865 Criminal Procedure Act

s.3 .................................................................. 156, 181

s.4 ......................................................................... 156

s.5 ......................................................................... 156

s.6 ......................................................................... 159

 

1868 Documentary Evidence Act

s.2 .......................................................................... 46

s.5 .......................................................................... 46

 

1879 Bankers' Book Evidence Act

s.6 .......................................................................... 77

s.7 ......................................................................... 146

 

1882 Bill of Exchange Act

s.30 (2) .................................................................... 24

 

1890 Partnership Act

s.2 (3) ....................................................................... 8

 

1898 Criminal Evidence Act (as amended)

s.1 (1) ..................................................................... 75

s.1 (2) .................................................................... 161

s.1 (3) .................................................................... 162

 

1911 Perjury Act

s.1 (6) ..................................................................... 17

s.13 ......................................................................... 83

 

1916 Prevention of Corruption Act

s.2 .......................................................................... 24

 

1920 Administration of Justice Act

s.15 ......................................................................... 17

 

1933 Children and Young Persons Act

s.38 (1) .................................................................... 69

 

1935 Public Order Act

s.5 .......................................................................... 16

 

1938 Evidence Act

s.6 (1) .................................................................... 190

 

1953 Prevention of Crime Act

s.1 (1) ..................................................................... 24

 

1956 Sexual Offences Act

s.30 (2) .................................................................... 25

 

1957 Affiliation Proceedings Act

s.4 .......................................................................... 83

 

1957 Homicide Act

s.2 (2) ..................................................................... 24

 

1961 Factories Act 1961

s.29 (1) .................................................................... 26

 

1964 Licensing Act

s.160 (1) .................................................................. 26

 

1968 Civil Evidence Act

s.2 ......................................................................... 187

s.3 ......................................................................... 188

s.4 ......................................................................... 187

s.5 ......................................................................... 187

s.9 ......................................................................... 191

s.10 .......................................................................... 3

s.11 ......................................................................... 48

s.12 ......................................................................... 49

s.13 ......................................................................... 50

s.14 ......................................................................... 75

 

1968 Theft Act

s.1 (1) ..................................................................... 16

s.22 ......................................................................... 13

s.27 (3) .................................................................. 171

 

1971 Criminal Damage Act

s.1 (1) ..................................................................... 25

 

1971 Misuse of Drugs Act

s.5 .......................................................................... 26

s.28 (2) .................................................................... 24

 


1971 Town and Country Planning Act

s.60 (6) .................................................................... 28

s.102 (1) .................................................................. 28

 

1972 Civil Evidence Act

s.3 .................................................................. 227, 228

s.4 .................................................................. 227, 228

 

1973 Matrimonial Causes Act

s.4 (1) ..................................................................... 56

 

1974 Rehabilitation of Offenders Act

s.4 (1) .................................................................... 164

s.7 (3) .................................................................... 164

 

1976 Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act

s.2 ......................................................................... 157

 

1978 Oaths Act

s.1 .......................................................................... 77

s.4 .......................................................................... 77

s.5 .......................................................................... 78

 

1980 Magistrates' Court Act

s.101 ....................................................................... 25

 

1981 Contempt of Court Act

s.10 ....................................................................... 144

 

1981 Supreme Court Act

s.72 (1) .................................................................... 95

s.87 (3) .................................................................. 189

 

1984 Police and Criminal Evidence Act

s.8 ......................................................................... 142

s.9 ......................................................................... 142

s.10 ....................................................................... 142

s.19 ....................................................................... 142

s.61 ....................................................................... 122

s.62 ....................................................................... 122

s.62 (1A) ................................................................ 122

s.63 (3A) ................................................................ 122

s.64 ....................................................................... 122

s.69 ....................................................................... 210
1984 ................................. Police and Criminal Evidence Act

s.74 ......................................................................... 50

s.76 (2) (a) ...................................................... 231, 232

s.76 (4) (a) ............................................................. 231

s.76 (4) (b) ............................................................. 231

s.76A (7) ................................................................ 232

s.77 .................................................................. 83, 236

s.78 ............................................................ 71, 238-249

s.80 ......................................................................... 75

s.80A ................................................................... 75=6

s.82 (3) .................................................................... 19

 

1984 Road Traffic Regulation Act

s.89 (1) .................................................................... 83

 

1985 Administration of Justice Act

s.33 ....................................................................... 149

 

1987 Criminal Justice Act

s.2 .......................................................................... 94

 

1988 Criminal Justice Act

ss.23-26 and 30 .......................................... 192, 199, 200

s.32 (1) .................................................... 3, 66, 72, 210

s.32A (1), (2) ..................................................... 72, 210

s.32A (3) (c) ...................................................... 71, 210

s.33A (2A) ................................................................ 70

 

1989 Official Secrets Act 1989

s.1 (1) .................................................................... 138

s.4 ......................................................................... 138

 

1989 Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act

s.16A .................................................................. 25, 29

s.16B .................................................................. 25, 29

 

1990 Environment Act

s.71 (2) .................................................................... 97

 

1991 Criminal Justice Act

s.52 ......................................................................... 70

s.54 .......................................................................... 3

 

1994 Criminal Justice and Public Order Act

s.31 167

s.32 84, 87

s.34 101

s.35 75, 106


1994 Criminal Justice and Public Order Act

s.36 107

s.37 107

s.52 (3) .................................................................. 122

s.55 122

 

1995 Civil Evidence Act

s.1 (1) .................................................................... 185

s.1 (2) ............................................................... 11, 185

s.2 ................................................................ 187, 185

s.3 .................................................................. 188, 189

s.4 ................................................................ 7, 11, 185

s.5 (2) .................................................................... 189

s.6 .................................................................. 156, 190

s.7 .................................................................. 190, 191

s.8 ......................................................................... 187

s.9 ......................................................................... 187

s.10 ................................................................ 185, 191

s.11 ....................................................................... 192

s.13 ....................................................................... 190

s.14 ................................................................ 185, 186

s.16 (5) ..................................................... 185, 189, 192

 

1996 Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act

s.11 ....................................................................... 101

s.54 ......................................................................... 59

s.62 ....................................................................... 210

Parts I and II ........................................................... 133

 

1998 Criminal Justice (Terrorism and Conspiracy) Act

s.1 ......................................................................... 110

s.2 ......................................................................... 110

 

1998 Human Rights Act

s.2 .......................................................................... 96

s.3 .................................................................... 32, 141

s.4 .......................................................................... 96

s.7 .......................................................................... 30

s.10 ......................................................................... 96

s.22 (4) .................................................................... 30

 

1998 Offences against the State (Amendment) Act

s.2 ......................................................................... 107

 

1999 Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act

s.16 67, 68

s.17 67

s.19 69

s.20 69

1999 Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act

s.21 69

s.22 ......................................................................... 69

s.23 .................................................................. 67, 210

s.24 ............................................................. 67, 72, 210

s.25 ......................................................................... 67

s.26 ......................................................................... 67

s.27 .................................................................. 67, 211

s.28 .................................................................. 67, 211

s.29 ......................................................................... 67

s.30 ......................................................................... 67

s.33A ....................................................................... 74

s.34 ..................................................................... 3,155

s.35 .................................................................... 3, 155

s.41 ............................................................. 3, 159, 160

s.53 .................................................................... 67, 74

s.54 ......................................................................... 70

s.55 ......................................................................... 70

s.58 ....................................................................... 107

s.60 ....................................................................... 210

 

2000 Freedom of Information Act

s.1 .................................................................... 131135

s.23 ....................................................................... 133

s.31 ......................................................................... 33

 

2000 Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act

s.3 ......................................................................... 234

s.17 ................................................................ 245, 246

s.18 ....................................................................... 247

s.27 ....................................................................... 247

 

2000 Terrorism Act

s.11 ......................................................................... 35

 

2001 Criminal Justice and Police Act

s.78 ....................................................................... 123

s.81 ....................................................................... 123

s.82 (2) .................................................................. 123

 

2003 Criminal Justice Act

s.9 ....................................................................... 122

s.10 122

ss.32-37 ................................................................. 133

s.75 62

s.76 62

s.77 63

s.78 62

s.98 168

s.99 154, 157, 168

s.100 ...................................................................... 169

s.101 ............................................................... 122, 169

s.103 ............................................................... 173, 170

s.106 ...................................................................... 169

s.107 ........................................................... 18, 87, 172

s.112 ...................................................................... 173

s.113 ............................................................... 173, 168

s.114 ............................................................... 194, 195

s.115 ............................................................... 198, 217

s.116 .................................................. 194, 199, 201-208

s.117 ........................................................ 194, 199, 208

s.118 .................................... 168, 194, 199, 200, 211, 212

s.120 ...................................................................... 154

s.121 ............................................................... 209, 218

s.125 ....................................................................... 18

s.126 ...................................................................... 218

s.128 ...................................................................... 194

s.129 ...................................................................... 210

s.133 ...................................................................... 209

s.134 ...................................................................... 167

s.137 ................................................................ 70, 211

s.139 ...................................................................... 154

s.140 ............................................................... 154, 210

s.141 ...................................................................... 173

 

2006 Police and Justice Act

s.47 74


 

List of Abbreviations

 

AC Appeal Cases (UK 1891-date)

AD Appellate Division Reports (South Africa: 1910-46)

Ad&E Adolphus & Ellis' Reports (KB 1834-40)

All ER All England Reports (1936-date)

All ER Rep All England Reports (Reprint)

App Cas Appeal Cases (UK 1876-90)

Arch News Archbold News

Beav Beavan's Reports (Rolls 1836-66)

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Law of Evidence Text

Peter Murphy
ISBN13: 9780199561124 ISBN: 0199561125 Published: July 2009 Publisher: Oxford University Press Country of Publication: UK Binding: Paperback Price: £31.99

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